Bacterial Vaginosis is a bacterial disease that occurs when there is an imbalance of acidity levels (or pH balance) inside the vagina that leads to an overgrowth of harmful bacteria (Bacterial Vaginosis, 2009).
This disease is the most common vaginal infection of women who are within a childbearing age (CDC, 2012). Studies have shown that it affects 29% of women in the US and roughly 60% of women who have a sexually-transmitted disease (MedicineNet, 2012).
While the exact causes of bacterial vaginosis are under some debate, it is agreed that it is due to the imbalance of bacteria in the vagina. It has been observed to be more common in women who
Long lasting problems can occur if BV is not cured. Women may develop Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), endometritis, or cervicitis. BV also leaves women more susceptible to STDs such as STDs, herpes, gonorrhea, and Chlamydia (Bacterial Vaginosis, 2009). Women who are pregnant can experience complications that can lead to undesired and devastating outcomes such as premature delivery or stillbirth (Bacterial Vaginosis, 2009).
Diagnosis can be determined by a pelvic exam, testing of samples taken from the vagina, and a series of routine questions (MedicineNet, 2012). If seeing a doctor to determine if you have BV, be sure to schedule your exam between menstrual cycles, do not douche for a minimum of 24 hours before the exam, do not apply vaginal deordorant sprays, and do not place objects in your vagina, such as tampons or sex toys, for a minimum of 24 hours prior to the appointment (WomensHealth, 2012).
There are a number of treatments available for BV. It can be treated by some doctor prescribed antibiotics such as metronidazole or clindamycin (WomensHealth, 2012). Over-the-counter medicines are also available such as Fernanol, Destinol, or Fem-Dophilus and are reported to have good results (Bacterial Vaginosis, 2009). There are also a number of natural home remedies that have been reported to be affective. These remedies are not often doctor recommended and some of these techniques go against what is recommended by Health Authories but some women prefer these remedies as they are reported to be effective, privacy protecting, and inexpensive.
For best results and to ensure overall health, a doctor should be consulted and women should be aware that some antibiotics may render birth control ineffective (STDResource, 2012).
So how can the risk be reduced of contracting or developing BV? As with all STDs and STIs, there are some simple ways to reduce the risks and keep up sexual health
You can really enhance your sex and BDSM life as well as the happiness of your everyday life by taking proper care of your body and this means taking the appropriate care of your sexual health. It is important to follow safe sex practices and get regular screenings to ensure your best health. Part of taking care of your sexual health is also having open and frank communication with any sexual partners about their health status and precautions.
Bacterial Vaginosis. (2009). Bacterial Vaginosis. Retrieved 02 29, 2012, from The Bacterial Vaginosis: http://www.thebacterialvaginosis.com/
CDC. (2012). Bacterial Vaginosis. Retrieved 02 29, 2012, from Center for Disease Control and Prevention: http://www.cdc.gov/std/bv/STDFact-Bacterial-Vaginosis.htm
MedicineNet. (2012). Bacterial Vaginosis. Retrieved 02 29, 2012, from MedicineNet: http://www.medicinenet.com/bacterial_vaginosis/article.htm
STDResource. (2012). Bacterial Vaginosis. Retrieved 02 29, 2012, from STDresource: http://www.stdresource.com/disease/index.php?page=edit&id=16&action=viewfull
WomensHealth. (2012). Bacterial vaginosis fact sheet. Retrieved 02 29, 2012, from WomensHealth: http://womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/bacterial-vaginosis.cfm
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